Stephen A. Schuker

William W. Corcoran Professor, Emeritus

Field & Specialties

Modern Europe


B.A. Cornell 1959
M.A. Harvard 1962
Ph.D. Harvard 1969


ed.) Die westeuropäische Sicherheit und die deutsch-französischen Beziehungen, 1914-1963. With the assistance of Elisabeth Müller-Luckner. (München: Oldenbourg Verlag  2000).


American "Reparations" to Germany, 1919-33: Implications for the Third-World Debt Crisis. (Princeton: Princeton Studies in International Finance, 1988).


The End of French Predominance in Europe: The Financial Crisis of 1924 and the Adoption of the Dawes Plan (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1976). Paperback edition, 1988. ACLS web edition, 2005.


Old Wine in New Bottles. Review of Christopher Clark's Sleepwalkers. The New Criterion, Jan. 2015.


The Price of Freedom. Review of Adam Tooze, The Deluge. Wall Street Journal, 14.11.14.


"John Maynard Keynes and the Personal Politics of Reparations--Parts 1 &2, Diplomacy & Statecraft 25 (2014, Nos. 3-4): 453-71, 579-91.

"J.M. Keynes et les réparations.  Une histoire revisitée," Revue d'histoire diplomatique 130-31 (2015.4, 2016.2), 343-61, 109-24.


"J.M. Keynes et les réparations.  Une histoire revisitée," Revue d'histoire diplomatique 129-30 (2015.4, 2016.2), 343-61, 109-24.



"What Historians Get Wrong about World War I," Time Magazine, 1 August 2014.


"Intelligence and Grand Strategy in France, 1919-1940," in Jonathan Haslam and Karina Urbach, Secret Intelligence in the European States System, 1918-1989 (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2014).


Bretton Woods and the Triumph of American Monetary Policy, Review essay in H-Diplo, vol. 6 , no. 7 (2014).


Review essay on Marc Trachtenberg, The Cold War and After, H-Diplo ISSF Roundtable, Vol. IV, no. 1 (2012).


"Reappraising Herbert Hoover," Library of Law and Liberty (2012)


"Central Bankers in the Dock," H-Diplo Review Essay, 24 October 2011,


Review Essay on Robert Boyce, The Great Interwar Crisis and the Collapse of Globalization, H-Diplo Roundtable, Vol. XII, No. 11 (2011).


"The 1919 Peace Settlement: A Subaltern View," Reviews in American History  (36/4) 2008, 575-85.


"Les Etats-Unis, la France, et l'Europe, 1929-1932," in Jacques Bariéty, ed., Aristide Briand, la Société des Nations et l'Europe (Strasbourg: Presses Universitaires de Strasbourg, 2007), 383-96.


"A Sea Change in the Atlantic Economy: How the West Pulled Ahead of the Rest and Why It May Cease to Do So," in Anthony Hay et al., eds., Is There Still a West? The Future of the Atlantic Alliance (Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 2007), 89-124.


"One National Divisible: Samuel Huntington's Jeremiad on the American Future," Orbis 50 (2006), 187-202.


"Round Up the Usual Suspects: The Latest Latin American Debt Crisis," Orbis 47 (2003), 541-59.


"Money Doctors between the Wars: The Competition between Central Banks, Private Financial Advisers, and Multilateral Agencies," in Marc Flandreau, ed., Money Doctors: The Experience of International Financial Advising, 1850-2000 (London: Routledge, 2003), 49-77.


"The Gold-Exchange Standard: A Reinterpretation," in Carl-L. Holtfrerich and Harold James, eds., The International Financial System: Past and Present (New York: Cambridge University Press, 2003), 77-94.


"Reflections on the Cold War," Diplomacy and Statecraft 12 (2001), 1-9.


"The European Union from Jean Monnet to the Euro: A Historical Overview," in Joan Hoff and Ann Fidler, eds., The European Union: From Jean Monnet to the Euro (Athens: Ohio University Press, 2000), 15-31.


"Bayern und der rheinische Separatismus, 1923-24," in Jahrbuch des Historischen Kollegs Nr. 3 (Munich, 1998): 75-111.


"American Foreign Policy: The European Dimension," in John M. Haynes, ed., Calvin Coolidge and the Coolidge Era: Essays on the History of the 1920s (Hanover and London: University Press of New England/Library of Congress, 1998), 289-308.


"The Rhineland Question: West European Security at the Paris Peace Conference," in Manfred Boemeke, Gerald D. Feldman, and Elisabeth Glaser, eds., The Treaty of Versailles: A Reassessment after Seventy-five Years (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1998), 275-312.


"Woodrow Wilson versus American Public Opinion: The Unconditional Surrender Movement of 1918," in Guido Müller, ed., Internationale Beziehungen im 20. Jahrhundert: Deutschland und der Westen. Festschrift for Klaus Schwabe (Stuttgart: Steiner Verlag, 1998), 101-10.


"The Candidacy That Never Was: Owen D. Young and the Presidential Election of 1932," in Kenneth W. Thompson, ed., Statesmen Who Were Never President (Lanham, MD.: University Press of America, 1996), 2:125-44 .


"Europe's Banker: The American Banking Community and European Reconstruction, 1918-1922," in Marta Petricioli, ed., A Missed Opportunity? 1922: The Reconstruction of Europe/Une Occasion Manquée? 1922: La Reconstruction de l'Europe (Bern: Peter Lang, 1995), 47-59.


"Ambivalent Exile: Heinrich Brüning and America's Good War," in Christoph Buchheim, Michael Hutter and Harold James, eds., Zerrissene Zwischenkriegszeit. Wirtschaftshistorische Beiträge: Knut Borchardt zum 65. Geburtstag (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1994), 329-56.


"Origins of American Stabilization Policy in Europe: The Financial Dimension, 1918-1924," in Hans-Jürgen Schröder, ed., Deutschland und Amerika in der Epoche des Ersten Weltkrieges 1900-1924/Germany and the United States in the Era of World War I, 1900-1924 (Providence: Berg, 1993), 377-407.


"American Policy toward Debts and Reconstruction at Genoa, 1922," in Carole Fink, Axel Frohn, and Jürgen Heideking, eds., Genoa, Rapallo, and the Reconstruction of Europe in 1922 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1991), 95-122.


"Owen D. Young" and "Charles Gates Dawes," in Larry Schweikart, ed., Encyclopedia of American Business History and Biography: Banking and Finance, 1913-1989 (New York: Bruccoli Clark Layman, 1990),  68-77, 482-92.                                                                    .


"The End of Versailles," in Gordon Martel, ed., "The Origins of the Second World War" Reconsidered: The A.J.P. Taylor Debate after Twenty-Five Years. (Allen & Unwin, London: 1986,1999), 49-72.


"France and the Remilitarization of the Rhineland, 1936," French Historical Studies (1986), 299-339. Abridged Chinese-language version, "The Military and Economic Background of France's Concession Policy in the Rhineland Crisis, 1936," trans. Quan Yi, in The Second World War History Bulletin 10 (1989).


"American 'Reparations' to Germany, 1919-1933," in G. D. Feldman et al., Die Nachwirkungen der Inflation auf die deutsche Geschichte 1924-1933 (Munich: Oldenbourg, 1985), 335-84. rpt. in Mark Thomas, ed., The Disintegration of the World Economy between the Wars (Cheltenham: E. Elgar, 1996), 1:445-93.


"Origins of the 'Jewish Problem' in the Later Third Republic," in  Frances Malino et al., eds., The Jews in Modern France (Hanover: University Press of New England, 1985), 135-80.


"Frankreich und die Weimarer Republik," in Michael Stürmer, ed., Die Weimarer Republik. Belagerte Civitas (Königstein: Athenaeum, 1985), 93-112.


"Finance and Foreign Policy in the Era of the German Inflation," in G. D. Feldman et al., eds., Historische Prozesse der deutschen Inflation 1914-1924 (Berlin: Colloquium Verlag, 1978), 343-61.


Current Research

Watch on the Rhine: The Rhineland and the Security of the West, 1914-1950, Now in progress. Political, diplomatic, and strategic study of the Franco-German conflict, conceived in the widest sense, from the debates over World War I war aims through Hitler's remilitarization in 1936, with a final section treating transformation of the West European security problem after World War II.

Awards & Honors

Research fellow, German Marshall Fund of the United States, 1998-99


Stipendiat, Historisches Kolleg (Munich), Stifterverband für die deutsche Wissenschaft, 1996-97


Secretary of the Navy Senior Research Fellow, Naval War College, 1992-93


John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Fellowship in International Security, 1987-89.


American Council of Learned Societies Fellow, 1976-77, 1986.


Senior Scholar, Western European Area, Fulbright Commission, 1985.


American Philosophical Society grantee, 1985.


Tauber Institute for the Study of the Holocaust, Fellow, 1982.


George Louis Beer Prize, American Historical Association, 1977.