Nair photo

Neeti Nair

Professor of History
Affiliate Faculty, Women, Gender, and Sexuality
Affiliate Faculty, Middle Eastern & South Asian Languages & Cultures

234 Nau Hall
Office Hours: On Leave: 2024-25

Field & Specialties

Modern South Asia
Political History
Transnational and Diplomatic History
Legal History
Intellectual History and History of Ideas


B.A. – St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University, 1998
M.A. – Tufts University, 2000
Ph.D. – Tufts University, 2005


I am a professor of history at the University of Virginia. I teach survey courses on 18th-20th century South Asia as well as upper-level seminar coures and graduate courses on the Partition of the Indian subcontinent and blasphemy politics in South Asia. I am the author of two books, Hurt Sentiments:  Secularism and Belonging in South Asia (Harvard University Press, 2023) and Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India (Harvard University Press and Permanent Black, 2011, pbk 2016). I have also edited two special issues of Asian Affairs: 'Ghosts from the Past? Assessing Recent Developments in Religious Freedom in South Asia' was published in 2018 and 'Citizenship, Belonging, and the Partition of India' was published in 2022. Both are now available as edited volumes from Routledge. 

I am currently writing a coursebook "India's Partition: Politics, Culture, Memory" that is under contract with Cambridge University Press. I have also begun researching and thinking on the making of the neighborhood that is South Asia, by considering foreign policy-making from the perspective of capital cities in the alleged margins of the region - Dhaka, Colombo, Islamabad, Kathmandu, and Kabul. 

My research has been supported by fellowships from the American Institute of Indian Studies, the Taraknath Das Foundation, the Andrew Mellon Foundation, the American Council of Learned Societies, the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, the Harry Frank Guggenheim Foundation, and the National Endowment for the Humanities. I am a non-residential Global Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington DC.




Hurt Sentiments: Secularism and Belonging in South Asia, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, March 2023

Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, and Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2011; Paperback 2016

  • A Washington Post WorldViews Recommended Book, 2013

  • Reviewed in The American Historical Review, Asian Affairs, Asian Journal of Social Science, The Book Review (India), Canadian Journal of History, Choice, Contemporary South Asia, The Daily Star (Bangladesh), H-Net Reviews, The Hindu, The Indian Economic and Social History Review, Indian Historical Review, India International Centre Quarterly, Journal of Asian Studies, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, Journal of Genocide Research, Journal of World History, Oral History Review, Refugee Watch Online, Social History, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, South Asian Review, among other publications. Extracts from reviews are available here

Edited Volumes 

Citizenship, Belonging, and the Partition of India, Routledge, forthcoming in 2024. First published as a special issue of Asian Affairs, 53, 2, 2022

Ghosts from the Past? Assessing Recent Developments in Religious Freedom in South Asia (coedited with Michael Kugelman), Routledge, 2022; Paperback, 2023. First published as a special issue of Asian Affairs, 49:2, 2018


Peer reviewed articles

'Toward Mass Education or an "Aristocracy of Talent": Nonalignment and the Making of a Strong India', in Gyan Prakash, Michael Laffan, and Nikhil Menon eds., The Postcolonial Moment in South and Southeast Asia, London: Bloomsbury, 2018, pp. 183-200

'Indo-Pak Relations: A Window of Opportunity that has Almost Closed', Economic and Political Weekly, December 20, 2014, Vol. 49, No. 51

'Beyond the "communal" 1920s: the problem of intention, legislative pragmatism, and the making of section 295A of the Indian Penal Code', The Indian Economic and Social History Review, July 2013, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 317-340

  •         Republished in The Law Weekly 2016-3-LW, Vol. 199, 1 JS - 20 JS and The Law Weekly (Criminal) 2016-1-LW (Crl) 48 JS - 68 JS
  •         Cited in the Law Commission of India report on Hate Speech, March 2017
  •         Cited in the International Commission of Jurists Report On Trial: The Implementation of Pakistan's Blasphemy Laws, November 2015

Articles on 'Hindu Mahasabha’, ‘Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya’, ‘Rangila Rasul’, ‘Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’, ‘Sanatan Dharm’, ‘Shuddhi’, ‘Swami Shraddhanand’ in Ayesha Jalal ed., The Oxford Companion to Pakistani History, Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2012

‘“Partition” and “minority rights” in Punjabi Hindu Debates, 1920-1947’Economic and Political Weekly, Special Articles, December 24, 2011, Vol. 46, No. 52, pp. 61-69

‘Bhagat Singh as “satyagrahi”: the limits to non-violence in late colonial India’Modern Asian Studies, May 2009, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 649-681

  •       Translated into Hindi by Krishna Chaitanya for Filhaal, September-October 2021, pp. 25-39

Current Research

My first book Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India (Harvard and Permanent Black, 2011) traces the politics of Punjabi Hindus in the first half of the twentieth century. A religiously defined minority in undivided Punjab, these Hindus aligned themselves with Punjabi Muslims and Sikhs during various anticolonial national movements even as they simultaneously inched eastward, towards the rest of Hindu-majority India, styling themselves 'communalists' and their politics 'communal'. I study their politics, mark their particular motivations, and account for the suddenness with which Partition and Partition violence struck - both in history and in memory. I also raise and answer the troubling, seemingly eternal question: was Partition inevitable? 

My second book, Hurt Sentiments: Secularism and Belonging in South Asia, was published by Harvard University Press in 2023. Through a history of foundational moments such as the Gandhi Murder Trial, the lawsuits against secular forces during the mobilization in Ayodhya, and debates on the meaning of 'Islamic state' and 'secularism' in Pakistan and Bangladesh, I examine the shaping of state ideologies by "hurt sentiments" in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. In the process, I ask what it has meant for India to be a secular republic, for Pakistan to be an Islamic republic, and for Bangladesh to be a secular republic that also enshrines Islam as the state religion.

I am now working on two book projects. The first, titled India's Partition: Politics, Culture, Memory has been commissioned by Cambridge University Press. This is based on courses on Partition that I have regularly taught at the University of Virginia. The second book on South Asia since Partition will be a transnational history of India's foreign policy within the South Asian neighborhood. 

My other interests lie in the fields of education policy, memory studies, and oral history. 

Awards & Honors

Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, 2017-18, 2024-25

University of Virginia Sesquicentennial Fellowship, 2024, spring 2016, 2009-10

Global Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington D.C., 2018-20, 2023-2024

Mellon Humanities Fellow, Institute of the Humanities & Global Cultures, University of Virginia, 2020-21

Harry Frank Guggenheim Distinguished Scholar, 2019

Fellow, Public Voices, The OpEd Project, fall 2019

Public Policy Fellow, Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, summer 2019

Frederick Burkhardt Fellow, American Council of Learned Societies, John W. Kluge Center, Library of Congress, 2016-17

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Fellowship, 2016

American Institute of Indian Studies Senior Short-Term Fellowship, 2014

University of Virginia Faculty Stipend for Summer Research, 2020, 2012, 2011, 2009, 2008, 2007

University of Virginia research support in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, 2020-21, 2016, 2015, 2010, 2008

Mellon - MIT Inter-University Program on International Migrations, 2002-03

Columbia University, Taraknath Das Foundation, Southern Asian Institute, 2002

Harvard University Certificate of Distinction in Teaching, Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning, 2002

Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Summer Language Training Fellowship, 2001

Tufts University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Student Award for Outstanding Academic Performance, 2001

Media Appearances

Interview with Siddhant Mishra, Divya Sethuraman and Dr. Karthick Ram Manoharan, Socio-Legal Review, February 11, 2024 

Interview with Saumya Pandey, 'Feelings of hurt and hate in post-Partition South Asia', Public Anthropologist, May 4, 2023

Interview with Ullekh NP, ‘It is a historian’s task to explain how things fall apart or come together’, Open Magazine, April 14, 2023

Interview with Steve Paikin, 'Is India's Democracy in Crisis?The Agenda, TVO Today, March 6, 2023

Interview with Lauren Frayer, 'India's Supreme Court steps in after Hindu leaders call for violence against Muslims', NPR, January 21, 2022

Interview with Matthew Berkman, 'Hurt Sentiments' and Forbidden Speech in India, Andrea Mitchell Center for the Study of Democracy, University of Pennsylvania, January 21, 2021; Podcast  here

MIT Center for International Studies, Democracies on the Crossroads?, Starr Forum, October 23, 2020 

Interview with G. S. Mudur, 'CAA-NRC a road to Hindu Rashtra', The Telegraph, December 18, 2019

Interview with G. S. Mudur, 'Ayodhya case verdict: Secularism not easy to crush', The Telegraph, November 10, 2019 

Writers Read, March 25, 2011

The Page 99 Test, March 22, 2011

Interview with Rukun Advani, 'Event, Metamorphosis, Memory: Opening the Curtain on a Minority View of Partition', Permanent Black Blogspot, January 5, 2011