Tutorial in the History of the Modern British Empire
Course Description: This graduate-level tutorial introduces the major themes, debates, and methods of historical writing on the British Empire from around 1750. It is intended particularly, though not exclusively, as field preparation for the general examination. Rather than attempting to master a series of local and national histories, we ask how imperialism operated as a global system, tracing connections between metropole and colony and identifying patterns and divergences which emerged from imperial rule in different parts of the world. Topics include the uses of expert knowledge, the peculiarities of settler colonialism, the lure of liberalism as imperial ideology, and the role of violence.
Sample Reading List:
David Armitage, “Greater Britain: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis?”
David Anderson, Histories of the Hanged: The Dirty War in Kenya and the End of Empire
David Arnold, Colonizing the Body: State Medicine and Epidemic Disease in Nineteenth-Century India
C.A. Bayly, Empire and Information: The British Empire and the World, 1780-1830
C.A. Bayly, Imperial Meridian: The British Empire and the World
James Belich, Replenishing the Earth: The Settler Revolution and the Rise of the Anglo-World
Duncan Bell, The Idea of Greater Britain: Empire and the Future of World Order
Edward Berenson, Heroes of Empire: Five Charismatic Men and the Conquest of Africa
Christopher L. Brown, Moral Capital: Foundations of British Abolitionism
Elizabeth Buettner, Empire Families: Britons and Late Imperial India
Bernard Cohn, Colonialism and Its Forms of Knowledge: The British in India
Linda Colley, Captives: Britain, Empire, and the World
E.M. Collingham, Imperial Bodies: The Physical Experience of the Raj
Frederick Cooper, Decolonization and African Society: The Labor Question in French and British Africa
Mike Davis, Late Victorian Holocausts: El Niño Famines and the Making of the Third World
Richard Drayton, Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain, and the “Improvement” of the World
James Epstein, Scandal of Colonial Rule: Power and Subversion in the British Atlantic during the Age of Revolution
Matthew Edney, Mapping an Empire: The Geographical Construction of British India
Caroline Elkins, Imperial Reckoning: The Untold Story of Britain’s Gulag in Kenya
David French, The British Way in Counter-Insurgency, 1945-1967
Durba Ghosh, Sex and the Family in Colonial India: The Making of Empire
Catherine Hall, Civilising Subjects: Metropole and Colony in the English Imagination
James Hevia, English Lessons: The Pedagogy of Imperialism in Nineteenth-Century China
A.J. Hopkins, “Rethinking Decolonization”
Maya Jasanoff, Liberty’s Exiles: American Loyalists in the Revolutionary World
Dane Kennedy, Islands of White: Settler Society and Culture in Kenya and Southern Rhodesia
Elizabeth Kolsky, Colonial Justice in British India: White Violence and the Rule of Law
Marilyn Lake and Henry Reynolds, Drawing the Global Color Line: White Men’s Countries and the Challenge of Racial Equality
Alan Lester and Fae Dussart, Colonization and the Origins of Humanitarian Governance: Protecting Aborigines across the Nineteenth-Century British Empire
Philippa Levine, Prostitution, Race, and Politics: Policing Venereal Disease in the British Empire
Joanna Lewis, Empire State-Building: War and Welfare in Kenya
J.A. Mangan, The Games Ethic and Imperialism
P.J. Marshall, The Making and Unmaking of Empires: Britain, India, and America
Thomas Metcalf, Ideologies of the Raj
Stephanie Newell, The Forger’s Tale: The Search for Odeziaku
Miles Ogborn, Indian Ink: Script and Print in the Making of the English East India Company
Richard Price, Making Empire: Colonial Encounters and the Creation of Imperial Rule in Nineteenth-Century Africa
Martin Thomas, Violence and Colonial Order: Police, Workers and Protest in the European Colonial Empires
Megan Vaughan, Curing Their Ills: Colonial Power and African Illness
Tutorial in the History of Modern Britain
Course Description: This graduate-level tutorial introduces the major themes, debates, and methods of historical writing on modern Britain. It is intended particularly, though not exclusively, as field preparation for the general examination. Topics include the domestic ramifications of war and empire, the expanding reach of the state and the market, the adaptability of tradition, the contradictions of liberalism, and the meanings of modernity.
Sample Reading List:
Jordanna Bailkin, The Afterlife of Empire
John Barrell, The Dark Side of the Landscape: The Rural Poor in English Painting
John Brewer, The Sinews of Power: War, Money and the English State
David Cannadine, The Decline and Fall of the British Aristocracy
Deborah Cohen, Family Secrets: Shame and Privacy in Modern Britain
Linda Colley, Britons: Forging the Nation
Leonore Davidoff and Catherine Hall, Family Fortunes: Men and Women of the English Middle Class
Anna Davin, “Imperialism and Motherhood”
David Edgerton, England and the Aeroplane
Boyd Hilton, Age of Atonement: The Influence of Evangelicalism on Social and Economic Thought
Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger (eds.), The Invention of Tradition
Peter Mandler, The Fall and Rise of the Stately Home
Peter Mandler (ed.), Liberty and Authority in Victorian Britain
Ross McKibbin, Classes and Cultures: England 1918-1951
Guy Ortolano, The Two Cultures Controversy
Alex Owen, The Place of Enchantment: Occultism and the Culture of the Modern
Kathleen Paul, Whitewashing Britain: Race and Citizenship in the Postwar Era
Bernard Porter, The Absent-Minded Imperialists: Empire, Society, and Culture in Britain
Sadiah Qureshi, Peoples on Parade: Exhibitions, Empire, and Anthropology in Nineteenth-Century Britain
Jonathan Rose, The Intellectual Life of the British Working Classes
Jonathan Schneer, London 1900: The Imperial Metropolis
G.R. Searle, The Quest for National Efficiency
James Secord, Victorian Sensation: The Extraordinary Publication, Reception, and Secret Authorship of Vestiges of the Natural History of Creation
Mathew Thomson, Lost Freedom: The Landscape of the Child and the British Postwar Settlement
E.P. Thompson, Customs in Common
E.P. Thompson, The Making of the English Working Class
James Vernon, Distant Strangers: How Britain Became Modern
Judith Walkowitz, Nights Out: Life in Cosmopolitan London
Tutorial in "Making of the 'Chinese Nation'". . .
This tutorial is about conceptual and political constructions of the "Chinese Nation" in the 20th century. Readings include relevant writings by important intellectual and political figures of 20th-century China and major scholarships on the subject from multiethnic perspectives. The class meets biweekly, and the students are evaluated on the basis of participation, short book reviews, and a final paper.
Core Reading List for “Chinese Nation” Tutorial
I. Writings by Important Intellectual and Political Figures of 20th-century China (titles available in English are yet to be specified)
- Chiang Kai-shek
- Hu Shih
- Kang Youwei
- Li Dazhao
- Liang Qichao
- Mao Zedong
- Sun Yat-sen
- Yang Du
- Zhang Binglin
II. Major Works on Political China
- Bergere, Marie-Claire. Sun Yat-sen.
- Chow Tse-tsung. The May 4th Movement: Intellectual Revolution in Modern China.
- Dirlik, Arif. The Origins of Chinese Communism.
- Eastman, LIoyd. The Nationalist Era in China, 1927-1949.
- Fitzgerald, John. Awakening China: Politics, Culture, and Class in the Nationalist Revolution.
- Garver, John. Chinese-Soviet Relations: The Diplomacy of Chinese Nationalism, 1937-1945.
- Meisner, Maurice. Mao’s China and After: A History of the People’s Republic.
- Menala, Eraz. The Wilsonian Moment: Self-Determination and the International Origins of Anti-Colonial Nationalism.
- Panstrov, Alexander V. Mao: The Real Story.
- Schwarcz, Vera. The Chinese Enlightenment: Intellectuals and the Legacy of the May Fourth Movement of 1919.
- Selden, Mark. China in Revolution: Yenan Way Revisited.
- Taylor, Jay. The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China.
- Vogel, Ezra. Deng Xiaoping and the Transformation of China.
- Zarrow, Peter. After Empire: The Conceptual Transformation of the Chinese State.
III. Major Works on Multiethnic China
- Dreyer, June Teufel. China’s Forty Millions.
- Liu Xiaoyuan. Frontier Passages: Ethnopolitics and the Rise of Chinese Communism.
- Mackerras, Colin. China’s Minorities: Integration and Modernization in the 20th Century.
- Mullaney, Thomas. Coming to Terms with the Nation: Ethnic Classification in Modern China.
- Reardon-Anderson, James. Reluctant Pioneers: China’s Expansion Northward, 1644-1937.
- Shao Dan. Remote Homeland, Recovered Borderland: Manchus, Manchukuo, and Manchuria, 1907-1985.
- Goldstein, Melvyn D. A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State.
- ----. A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 2: The Calm before the Storm, 1951-1955.
- ----. A History of Modern Tibet, Volume 3: The Storm Clouds Descend, 1955-1957.
- Lin Hsiao-ting. Tibet and Nationalist China’s Frontier: Intrigues and Ethnopolitics, 1928-1949.
- Shakya, Tsering. The Dragon in the Land of Snows: A History of Modern Tibet since 1947.
- Tuttle, Gray. Tibetan Buddhists in the Making of Modern China.
- Wang Lixiong and Tsering Shakya, The Struggle for Tibet.
- Benson, Linda. The Ili Rebellion: The Moslem Challenge to Chinese Authority in Xinjiang, 1944-1949.
- Forbes, Andrew. Warlords and Muslims in Chinese Central Asia: A Political History of Republican Sinkiang, 1911-1949.
- Millward, James. Eurasian Crossroads: A History of Xinjiang.
- Rudelson, Justin J. Oasis Identities: Uyghur Nationalism along China’s Silk Road.
- Perdue, Peter. China Marches West: The Qing Conquest of Central Eurasia.
- Wang, David. Under the Soviet Shadow: The Yining Incident.
- Bulag, Uradyn E. Collaborative Nationalism: Politics of Friendship on China’s Mongolian Frontier.
- ----. The Mongols at China’s Edge: History and Politics of National Unity.
- ----. Nationalism and Hybridity in Mongolia.
- Jagchid, Sechin. The Last Mongol Prince: The Life and Times of Demchugdonrob, 1902-1966.
- Liu Xiaoyuan, Reins of Liberation: An Entangled History of Mongolian Independence, Chinese Territoriality, and Great Power Hegemony, 1911-1950.
Tutorial in "China in Hot & Cold Wars in Modern Times" . . .
This tutorial explores three types of conflicts in China modern experiences: civil wars, international conflicts, and Cold War confrontations. Reading materials include major scholarships on these topics. The class meets biweekly, and the students are evaluated on the basis of participation, short book reviews, and a final paper.
Reading List for “China in Wars”
- Titles on the Taiping Rebellion (such as Jonathan Spence, God’s Chinese Son: The Taiping Heavenly Kingdom of Hong Xiuquan; Stephen Platt, Autumn in the Heavenly Kingdom: China, the West, and the Epic Story of the Taiping Civil War)
- Titles on the warlords of the early Republican period (Lucian Pye, Warlord Politics: Conflict and Coalition in the Modernization of Republican China; Edward McCord, The Power of the Gun: The Emergence of Modern Chinese Warlordism; His-sheng Chi, Warlord Politics in China)
- Titles on the Nationalist-Communist political-military struggles (such as Odd Westad, Decisive Encounters: The Chinese Civil War, 1945-1950; Jay Taylor, The Generalissimo: Chiang Kai-shek and the Struggle for Modern China; Sun Shuyun, The Long March: The True History of Communist China’s Founding Myth)
- Titles on the Sino-French war, 1884-85 (such as Lloyd Eastman, Throne and Mandarins: China’s Search for a Policy during the Sino-French Controversy, 1880-85)
- Titles on the first Sino-Japanese war, 1894-95 (such as P.C.M. Paine, The Sino-Japanese War of 1894-95
- Titles on the Boxer war, 1900 (such as Joseph Esherick, The Origins of the Boxer Uprising; Paul Cohen, History in Three Keys)
- Titles on China and World War I (such as Guoqi Xu, China and the Great War)
- Titles on China and World War II, or the second Sino-Japanese war, 1937-45 (such as Rana Mitter, The Forgotten Ally; Hans van de Ven and Diana Lary, Negotiating China’s Destiny in World War II; Michael Schaller, The U.S. Crusade in China, 1938-45; P.C.M. Paine, The Wars for Asia, 1911-1949 )
Cold War Confrontations
- Titles on the Korean War, 1950-53 (such as Chen Jian, China’s Road to the Korea War; Shu Guang Zhang, Mao’s Military Romanticism: China and the Korean War, 1950-1953; Shen Zhihua, Mao, Stalin, and the Korean War)
- Titles on China and the Vietnam War, 1965-73 (such as Zhai Qiang, China and the Vietnam Wars, 1950-1975; Priscilla Roberts, Behind the Bamboo Curtain: China, Vietnam, and the World beyond Asia; Mari Olsen, Soviet-Vietnam Relations and the Role of China 1949-64; Lien-Hang T. Nguyen, Haoi’s War: An International History of the War for Peace in Vietnam)
- Titles on the Sino-Indian border conflict, 1962 (such as Neville Maxwell, India’s China War, and same author, China’s Borders: Settlements and Conflicts; Jasjit Singh, China’s India War, 1962; John Garver, Protracted Contest: Sino-Indian Rivalry in the Twentieth Century)
- Titles on the Sino-Soviet border conflict, 1969 (Lorenz Luthi, The Sino-Soviet Split; Mingjiang Li, Mao’s China and the Sino-Soviet Split: Ideological Dilemma; Sergey Radchenko, Two Suns in the Heavens: The Sino-Soviet Struggle for Supremacy, 1962-1967)
- Titles on the Sino-Vietnam war, 1979 (such as Zhang Xiaoming, Deng Xiaoping’s Long War: The Military Conflict between China and Vietnam, 1979-1991; King C. Chen, China’s War with Vietnam, 1979; Odd Westad and Sophie Quinn-Judge, The Third Indochina War: Conflict between China, Vietnam and Cambodia, 1972-79; Nicholas Khoo, Collateral Damage: Sino-Soviet Rivalry and the Termination of the Sino-Vietnamese Alliance)
Lecture to be given April 20 by National Defense University Professor Hassan Abbas
HIEU 1501 (2)
Introductory Seminar in Pre-1700 European History
Age of Explorations, 1400-1800
This seminar will be taught by Prof. Rosemary Lee, who will be joining us in the fall.
Beginning in 1492, European explorers began encountering new lands and peoples. Our course will examine these cultural encounters in the Atlantic world and the Indian Ocean. We will consider how different European cultures interacted with unfamiliar peoples. We will also explore how those outside Europe participated in a shared, global experience of encounter and imperial expansion.
The History of Early American Law
This course will be offered by Michael Caires, who will be joining us in the fall.
This course surveys the development of American legal institutions, legal thought, and legal doctrine from the Revolution to the Civil War. Equal attention is devoted to the common law, statues, and constitutional law. The course is organized around two main themes: (1) how political, economic, and cultural changes shaped the structure of American law; (2) how law channeled and constrained efforts to reform social relations in the antebellum era. Students are expected to read approximately 150 pages per week. There will be two mid-term exams, partly take-home and partly in class (25% each) and a final exam (40%).
Western Civilization I
This course is a survey of European history from the ancient Near East to the Scientific Revolution. We will study the rise of Greece and Rome, the origin of the three great monotheistic faiths (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam), the cultural flowering of the Middle Ages, and the new challenges posed by the Renaissance and Reformation. We will examine these events to understand their impact on later ages, and on our contemporary world.
History of the Middle East and North Africa, ca. 570-1500
This course will be offered by Guthron Harrison, who will be joining us in the fall.
This survey course explores the history of the Middle East and North Africa (broadly construed—our focus will range from Iberia to Central Asia) from the origins of Islam to the rise to superpower status of the Ottoman Empire in the sixteenth century.
Topics include the spread of Islam; the establishment and subsequent fragmentation of the caliphate(s); the historical development of Islamic social, legal, and political institutions; inter-confessional relations; the impact of invaders (Turks, Crusaders, Mongols); and much more. There will be two 75-minute lectures per week and a mandatory discussion section. Evaluation will be based on short reading response papers, a midterm exam, a final exam, participation and attendance. There are no prerequisites.