Tutorial in Transnational US History
This seminar rethinks United States history (18th century-present) by moving beyond the geographical boundaries of the nation. Thematic readings focus on way in which transnational and comparative scholarship is reshaping American historiography. Our goal is to better understand how assumptions and certainties of “America” have been called into question by transnational history. This course is intended to help prepare students for general examinations in the field of Transnational US History, or as a supplement to a major field in 19th or 20th century US.
Key readings (additional texts will be assigned depending on student interests):
- Arjun Appadurai, Modernity at Large: Cultural Dimensions of Globalization (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996).
- Rethinking American History in a Global Age, ed. Thomas Bender. (Berkeley: UC Press, 2002).
- Kate Brown, Plutopia: Nuclear Families, Atomic Cities, and the Great Soviet and American Plutonium Disasters (New York: Oxford UP, 2013).
- Strangers within the Realm: Cultural Margins of the First British Empire, ed. Bernard Bailyn and Philip D. Morgan (Chapel Hill: UNC Press, 1991).
- Alfred W. Crosby, Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900 (New York: Cambridge, 1993).
- Mary L. Dudziak, Cold War Civil Rights: Race and the Image of American Democracy
- (Princeton: Princeton UP, 2000).
- Jessice Gienow-Hecht, Sound Diplomacy: Music and Emotions in Transatlantic Relations (Chicago: Chicago UP, 2009).
- Eliga Gould, Among the Powers of the Earth: The American Revolution and the Making of a New World Empire (Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 2012).
- Victoria de Grazia, Irresistible Empire: America’s Advance through 20th-Century Europe (Cambridge,: Harvard UP, 2005).
- Pekka Hämäläinen, The Comanche Empire (New Haven: Yale UP, 2008).
- Kristin L. Hoganson, Fighting for American Manhood: How Gender Politics Provoked the Spanish-American and Philippine-American Wars (New Haven: Yale UP, 1998).
- Matthew Frye Jacobson, Special Sorrows: The Diasporic Imagination of Irish, Polish, and Jewish Immigrants in the United States (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1995).
- Walter Johnson, River of Dark Dreams: Slavery and Empire in the Cotton Kingdom (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 2013).
- Mothers of a New World: Maternalist Politics and the Origin of Welfare States, Seth Koven and Sonya Michel, eds. (New York: Routledge, 1993).
- Paul A. Kramer, The Blood of Government: Race, Empire, the United States, and the
- Philippines (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina, 2005).
- Melani McAlister, Epic Encounters: Culture, Media, and U.S. Interests in the Middle East, 1945-2000 ( Berkeley: UC Press, 2001).
- John R. McNeill, Mosquito Empires: Ecology and War in the Greater Caribbean, 1620-1914 (Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2010).
- Mary Nolan, Visions of Modernity: American Business and the Modernization of Germany (New York: Oxford UP, 1994).
- Daniel Rodgers, Atlantic Crossings: Social Politics in a Progressive Age (Cambridge: Harvard UP, 1998).
- Rebecca J. Scott, Degrees of Freedom: Louisiana and Cuba after Slavery (Cambridge: Harvard UP, MA 2005).
- John Soluri, Banana Cultures: Agriculture, Consumption, and Environmental Change in Honduras and the United States. (Austin: University of Texas Press, 2005).
Tutorial in the History of Early Modern Europe
This tutorial explores the history and historiography of Europe, c. 1450-1750. It provides a broad introduction to early modern society and culture, with particular emphasis on the transformations that reshaped Europe in this period, such as the emergence of the early modern state, the division of Christendom, and global exploration. Readings will be assigned in accordance with students’ prior preparation in the field and directed to their particular research and teaching interests.
Tutorial in Visual and Aural History
This theoretical and methodological tutorial explores the incorporation of the visual and the aural into historical research. Particular areas of emphasis include changing historical understandings of the senses; the advancement and critique of the concept of the “period eye/ear;” the analysis of images as historical sources; and the reconstruction of soundscapes and other aural phenomena. Additional topics and readings will be designed according to students’ particular chronological, geographical, and methodological specializations.
Core Reading List:
- Michael Baxandall, Words for Pictures: Seven Papers on Renaissance Art and Criticism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2003).
- Teresa Brennan and Martin Jay, eds., Vision in Context: Historical and Contemporary Perspectives on Sight, (New York: Routledge, 1996).
- Peter Burke, Eyewitnessing: The Uses of Images as Historical Evidence (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 2001).
- Veit Erlmann, ed., Hearing Cultures: Essays on Sound, Listening and Modernity (Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2004).
- Jessica Evans and Stuart Hall, eds., Visual Culture: The Reader (London: Sage Publications, 1999; reprint, 2004).
- David Freedberg, The Power of Images: Studies in the History and Theory of Response (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1991).
- Robert Jütte, A History of the Senses: From Antiquity to the Present Day (Cambridge: Polity Press, 2005).
- Serge Gruzinski, Images at War: Mexico from Columbus to Blade Runner (1492-2019), trans. Heather MacLean (Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2001).
- Mark M. Smith, ed., Hearing History: A Reader (Athens, GA: University of Georgia Press, 2004).
Tutorial in the History of Reformation Europe
This tutorial explores the history and historiography of Christianity in Europe c. 1450-1650. At the beginning of this period, the overwhelming majority of Europeans were bound together by a commonly-held Christian culture. In the sixteenth century, these bonds were shattered as Europeans debated what “Christianity” meant. By the seventeenth century, Europeans lived in a world divided by religion, and Christianity played a central role in Europeans’ interactions with others around the globe. This tutorial surveys these transformations, incorporating recent work on subjects such as persecution and toleration, popular culture, and global missions. It also provides an introduction to trends in the historiography of the Reformation, including the confessionalization thesis and recent calls for a post-confessional history.
Core Reading List:
- Philip Benedict, Christ’s Churches Purely Reformed: A Social History of Calvinism (New Haven: Yale University Press, 2002).
- Robert Bireley, The Refashioning of Catholicism, 1450-1700 (Washington, D.C.: Catholic University of America Press, 1999).
- Peter Blickle, Communal Reformation: The Quest for Salvation in Sixteenth-Century Germany, translated by Thomas Dunlap (Atlantic Highlands, NJ: Humanities Press, 1992).
- William J. Bouwsma, John Calvin: A Sixteenth-Century Portrait (New York: Oxford University Press, 1988).
- Caroline Walker Bynum, Wonderful Blood: Theology and Practice in Late Medieval Northern Germany and Beyond (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania Press, 2007).
- Barbara B. Diefendorf, Beneath the Cross: Catholics and Huguenots in Sixteenth-Century Paris (New York: Oxford University Press, 1991).
- C. Scott Dixon, ed., The German Reformation: The Essential Readings (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999).
- Alastair Duke, Reformation and Revolt in the Low Countries (London: Hambledon and London, 2003).
- Brad S. Gregory, Salvation at Stake: Christian Martyrdom in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1999).
- Benjamin J. Kaplan, Divided by Faith: Religious Conflict and the Practice of Toleration in Early Modern Europe (Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press, 2007).
- David M. Luebke, ed., The Counter-Reformation: The Essential Readings (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999).
- Diarmaid MacCulloch, The Reformation (New York: Penguin, 2005).
- Heiko A. Oberman, Luther: Man between God and the Devil. Trans. Eileen Alliser-Schwarzbart (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1989).
- John W. O’Malley, Trent and All That: Renaming Catholicism in the Early Modern Era (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2005).
- R.W. Scribner, For the Sake of Simple Folk: Popular Propaganda for the German Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).
- Ethan H. Shagan, “Can Historians End the Reformation?” Archiv für Reformationsgeschichte 97 (2006): 298-306.
- Lee Palmer Wandel, The Eucharist in the Reformation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2006).
- George Huston Williams, The Radical Reformation (Philadelphia: Westminster Press, 1962).
Interview of Ohanian, UVA alumn and co-founder of Reddit
Tutorial in the History of the Human Sciences
Course Description: This graduate-level tutorial introduces the major problems, debates, and methods of historical writing on the human sciences in Western Europe and the United States since around 1800. It is intended particularly, though not exclusively, as field preparation for the general examination. Emphasizing anthropology, sociology, and the mind sciences (psychology, psychoanalysis, and psychiatry), we consider the intellectual as well as the institutional dimensions of how disciplines emerged; how they created new forms of power; how they affected old forms of power; and how they changed everyday life. We also consider concepts and techniques which cross disciplinary boundaries, including evolutionary theory, probability theory, and “behavioral science.” Readings include a selection of primary and theoretical texts as well as a broad survey of the secondary literature.
Sample Reading List:
John Carson, The Measure of Merit: Talents, Intelligence and Inequality in the French and American Republics
Jamie Cohen-Cole, The Open Mind: Cold War Politics and the Sciences of Human Nature
Kurt Danziger, Constructing the Subject: Historical Origins of Psychological Research
Emile Durkheim, Suicide
Michel Foucault, The History of Sexuality, vol. 1
Sigmund Freud, The Interpretation of Dreams
Peter Ghosh, Max Weber and The Protestant Ethic: Twin Histories
Nils Gilman, Mandarins of the Future: Modernization Theory in Cold War America
Jan Goldstein, Console and Classify: The French Psychiatric Profession in the Nineteenth Century
Ian Hacking, The Taming of Chance
Henrika Kuklick, The Savage Within: The Social History of British Anthropology
Daniel Immerwahr, Thinking Small: The United States and the Lure of Community Development
Joel Isaac, Working Knowledge: Making the Human Sciences from Parsons to Kuhn
Kathleen Jones, Taming the Troublesome Child: American Families, Child Guidance, and the Limits of Psychiatric Authority
George Makari, Revolution in Mind: The Creation of Psychoanalysis
Peter Mandler, Return from the Natives: How Margaret Mead Won the Second World War and Lost the Cold War
Theodore Porter, The Rise of Statistical Thinking, 1820-1900
Ron Robin, The Making of the Cold War Enemy: Culture and Politics in the Military Intellectual-Complex
Ben Shephard, A War of Nerves: Soldiers and Psychiatrists in the Twentieth Century
George Stocking, Victorian Anthropology
Max Weber, The Protestant Ethic and the Spirit of Capitalism
Alison Winter, Mesmerized: Powers of Mind in Victorian Britain
Eli Zaretsky, Secrets of the Soul: A Social and Cultural History of Psychoanalysis
Tutorial in Global Legal History
Considers key ideas and practices in global legal history, ca. 1500-1900. Explores the interaction of European law with non-European cultures as empires expanded; the development of the law of the sea; and early ideas and pratices in the law of nations.
Tutorial in British Legal and Political Thought
Considers major texts in legal and political thought of the 17th and 18th centuries. Focuses on canonical works by thinkers such as Hobbes, Harrington, Sidney, Locke, Smith, and Blackstone. Texts will be appoached from within their historical contexts.
Tutorial in English Legal History
Considers key ideas and practices in English law from the late medieval period. Attention given to institutions, their development, and their interaction. Legal change will be studied in its social, political, and economic contexts. Also explores transformations in English law as it moved across a burgeoning empire.
Tutorial in Early Modern British History
Considers developments in the British Isles and its nascent empire in the 16th and 17th centuries. Focuses on historiography of the Reformation and persistent religious conflicts, the causes and nature of the Civil Wars, and the origins of empire.