Xiaoyuan Liu

David Dean 21st Century Professor of Asian Studies & Professor of History

(434) 924-6968
Nau 438
Office Hours: On leave Fall 2019

Field & Specialties

China’s ethnic-frontier affairs in international politics
Chinese-American relations in the 20th century
East Asian international history


Ph.D., The University of Iowa, 1990

M.A., The University of Iowa, 1984

Beijing Teachers College, Class 1974

For full CV click here


Professional Memberships 

Association of Asian Studies; American Historical Association; Chinese Historians in the United States; Society for Historians of American Foreign Relations


Professional Memberships 

Association of Asian Studies; American Historical Association; Chinese Historians in the United States



To the End of Revolution: The Chinese Communist Party and Tibet, 1949-1959.  New York: Columbia University Press, 2020.


《边缘地带的革命:中共民族政策的源起(1921-1945)》Bianyuan Didai de Geming: Zhonggong Minzu Zhengce de Yuanqi, 1921-1945 (Revolution at the peripheries: the genesis of the Chinese Communist Party’s policies toward ethnic minorities, 1921-1945). Hong Kong: The Chinese University Press, 2018. This is the Chinese edition of Frontier Passages. 


《边疆中国——二十世纪周边暨民族关系史述》香港中文大学出版社,2016年版 (Frontier China: 20th-century peripheral and interethnic relations [in Chinese].  Hong Kong: Chinese University Press, 2016).


Recast All Under Heaven: Revolution, War, Diplomacy and Frontier China in the 20th Century.  New York: Continuum, 2010.


Reins of Liberation: An Entangled History of Mongolian Independence, Chinese Territoriality, and Great Power Hegemony, 1911–1950.  Stanford and Washington, DC: Stanford University Press and Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2006.


Frontier Passages: Ethnopolitics and the Rise of Chinese Communism, 1921–1945.  Stanford and Washington, DC: Stanford University Press and Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2004. 


China and Eastern Europe, 1960–1980s: Proceedings of the International Symposium: Reviewing the Chinese–East European Relations from the 1960s to the 1980s, Beijing, March 24–26, 2004.  Co-edited with Vojtech Mastny.  Forschungsstelle für Scherheitspolitik der ETH Zürich, 2004.


Exploring Nationalisms of China: Themes and Conflicts.  Co-edited with George Wei.  Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2002.


Chinese Nationalism: Historical and Recent Cases.  Co-edited with George Wei.  Westport: Greenwood Publishing Group, 2001.


A Partnership for Disorder: China, the United States, and Their Policies for the Postwar Disposition of the Japanese Empire, 1941–1945.  London: Cambridge University Press, 1996. 



“Beijing Time: The Chinese Communist Orientation of Waiting in respect to Reforms in Tibet in the 1950s” (北京时间:1950年代中共对西藏改革的等待方针), Ershiyi Shiji (二十一世纪; Twenty-first century),2017 (10): 73-90.


“Genesis and development of Chinese Communist territorial ethics, 1921-1949,” (中国共产党疆域观发展,1921-1949),Ershiyi Shiji (二十一世纪; Twenty-first century),2017(4): 13-34.


“Friend or Foe: India as Perceived by Beijing’s Foreign Policy Analysts in the 1950s,” The China Review 15 (1) (Spring 2015), 117-44.


“Reshaping China: American Strategic Thinking and China’s Ethnic Frontiers during World War II,” in Hans van de Ven, Diana Lary, and Stephen R. MacKinnon, eds. Negotiating China’s Destiny in World War II (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2015), 156-73.


“From ‘Five-Race Republic’ to Five-Domain Reintegration: The Revolution of 1911 and Modern Transformation of the Chinese State” (从 “五族共和” 到五域统合:辛亥革命和中国国家形态近代转型), in Lu Fangshang, ed., Jindai Guojia de Xingsu (Shaping the modern state). Taipei: Academia Historica, 2013.


"Time, Shape, and Color: Gauging China's Re-Rise in World War II," American Review of China Studies, 13 (2) (fall 2012).


“Center and Peripheries in the Modern Transformation of the Chinese State” (中国国家形态近代转型的中心与边缘), Guoshi Yanjiu Tongxun (Academia Historica Newsletter), 2012.


“Entering the Cold War and Other ‘Wars’: The Tibetan Experience,” The Chinese Historical Review, 2012 (1).


“Frontier Dimension of the Transformation of the Chinese State” (中国国家形态转型的边疆之维), Wenhua Zongheng  (文化纵横), 2011 (6).


“Frontier China and the Year of 1949” (边疆中国和1949年),Zhongguo Dangdaishi Yanjiu (中国当代史研究), 3 (August 2011).


“Rediscovery of the Chinese Frontier in Recent History,” in William Kirby, ed., The People’s Republic of China at 60: An International Assessment. Cambridge: Harvard University Asian Center, 2011. 


“From Frontier to Frontier” (从边疆到边疆), in Wang Xi and Yao Ping, eds., Zai Meiguo Faxian Lishi: Liu Mei Lishi Xueren Fansi Lu (在美国发现历史:留美历史学人反思录) (Beijing: Beijing Daxue Chubanshe, 2010): 31-42.


“Chiang Kai-shek’s (Invisible) Marathon to the West,” The Chinese Historical Review, 2010 (1).


“Prelude to the Cold War in East Asia” (东亚冷战的序幕), Shixue Yuekan (史学月刊), 2009 (7).


“The Misty Cold War in the Himalayas in Perspective: Historicize China’s Temperament in International Relations,” in Yufan Hao, George Wei, and Lowell Dittmore, eds., Challenges to China’s Foreign Policy: Diplomacy, Globalization, and the Next World Power (Lexington: University Press of Kentucky, 2008): 295-318.


 “The Mismatch between the CCP and the Dalai Lama, 1921-1959,” Harvard Asian Quarterly, volume 11 (2-3) (Spring / Summer 2008).

Current Research

The Last Confrontation: China, the United States, and the Cold War.

Awards & Honors

Outstanding Career Achievement in Research Award.  School of Liberal Arts and Sciences, Iowa State University, 2011.

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars Fellowship for Asian Policy Studies, 2002-2003.

Social Science Research Council–MacArthur Foundation Postdoctoral Fellowship on Peace and Security in a Changing World, 1997–1999.

Smith Richardson Foundation Grants for Junior Faculty in International History, Politics, and Security Issues, 1997–1998.