Caroline Janney

John L Nau, III, Professor in History of American Civil War
Director, John L. Nau III Center for Civil War History

497 Nau Hall
Office Hours: ON LEAVE

Field & Specialties

U.S. Civil War
19th Century U.S. History
Women and Gender History


Ph.D. History, University of Virginia

B.A. Government, University of Virginia,



Ends of War: The Unfinished Fight of Lee’s Army after Appomattox (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2021). Winner of the 2022 Gilder Lehrman Lincoln Prize

Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation. Volume 16 of the Littlefield History of the Civil War Era Series (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2013).

Burying the Dead but Not the Past: Ladies’ Memorial Associations and the Lost Cause (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2008).

Edited / Co-Authored Books

Buying and Selling Civil War Memory in Gilded Age America, co-edited with James Marten (Athens: University of Georgia Press, 2021). 

Petersburg to Appomattox: The End of the War in Virginia.Volume 11 of the Military Campaigns of the Civil War Series (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2018). Wrote the introduction and contributed an essay titled “‘We Were Not Paroled’: The Surrenders of Lee’s Men beyond Appomattox Court House.”

Cold Harbor to the Crater: The End of the Overland Campaign.Volume 10 of the Military Campaigns of the Civil War Series (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2015). Co-edited the book with Gary W. Gallagher, co-wrote the introduction, and contributed an essay titled “‘A War Thoroughfare’: Confederate Civilians and the Siege of Petersburg.”

The South as It Is, 1865-1866 byJohn Richard Dennett. (Tuscaloosa: University of Alabama Press, 2010). Wrote a new scholarly introduction to this reprint edition.

Peer Reviewed Articles

“Free to Go Where We Liked: The Army of Northern Virginia after Appomattox,” Journal of the Civil War Era(vol. 9, no. 1, March 2019): 4-28.

 “‘I Yield to No Man an Iota of My Convictions’: Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park and the Limits of Reconciliation,” Journal of the Civil War Era(vol. 2, no. 3, September 2012): 394-420.

“War over the Shrine of Peace: The Appomattox Peace Monument and Retreat from Reconciliation,” Journal of Southern History(vol. 77, no. 1, February 2011): 91-120.

“‘One of the Best Loved, North and South’: The Appropriation of National Reconciliation by LaSalle Corbell Pickett,” Virginia Magazine of History and Biography(vol. 116, no. 4, 2008): 370-406.

“Written in Stone: Gender, Race, and the Heyward Shepherd Memorial,” Civil War History (vol. 52, no. 2, June 2006): 117-41.

 Book Chapters

“The Civil War in Public Memory,” in Cambridge History of the American Civil War, vol. 3, Aaron Sheehan-Dean, ed. (New York: Cambridge, 2019), 481-505.

“Bridge to the Past,” in Civil War Places: Historians Reflect on Where They Visit and What They See, J. Matthew Gallman and Gary W. Gallagher, eds. (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 2019).

“Janet Henderson Weaver: Mother of Daughters,” in Virginia Women: Their Lives and TimesCynthia A. Kierner and Sandra Gioia Treadway, eds. (Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 2016), 72-93.

“A Family in Camp,” in Lens of War: Exploring Iconic Photographs of the Civil War, J. Matthew Gallman and Gary W. Gallagher, eds. (Athens: University of Georgia Press, April 2015), 111-20.

“Born in the Heart of Woman: Ladies’ Memorial Associations and Confederate Memorialization, 1865-1870s,” in “We Learned that we are Indivisible": Sesquicentennial Reflections on the Civil War Era in the Shenandoah Valley, Jonathan Noyalas A. and Nancy T. Sorrels eds. (Newcastle upon Tyne, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015), 200-22.

“Civil War Memory,” in A Companion to the U.S. Civil War, 2 vols, Aaron Sheehan-Dean, ed. (New York: Wiley-Blackwell, 2014), 1139-1154.

“‘No Sickly Sentimental Gush of Reconciliation’: Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park and the Limits of Reconciliation” in Gateway to the Confederacy: New Perspectives on the Chickamauga and Chattanooga Campaigns, 1862-1863, Evan Jones and Wiley Sword, eds. (Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 2014), 285-310.

Foreword in Answer at Once:” Letters Written in the 1930’s by Families Displaced by   Shenandoah National ParkKatrina Powell, ed.(Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2009).

“The Right to Love and To Mourn: The Origins of Virginia’s Ladies’ Memorial Associations” in Crucible of the Civil War: Virginia from Secession to Commemoration, Edward L. Ayers, Gary W. Gallagher, and AndrewTorget, eds. (Charlottesville: University of Virginia Press, 2006), 165-88.



Current Research



Awards & Honors

President, Society of Civil War Historians (2014-2016)

Co-editor, University of North Carolina Press’s Civil War America Series (2012-present)

Charles S. Sydnor Award for Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation, Southern Historical Association (2014)

Jefferson Davis Award for Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation, American Civil War Museum, Richmond, Virginia (2014)

Honorable mention, Avery O. Craven Award for Remembering the Civil War: Reunion and the Limits of Reconciliation, Organization of American Historians (2014)

Kenneth T. Kofmehl Outstanding Undergraduate Teaching Award, College of Liberal Arts, Purdue University (2014-15)

University Faculty Scholar, Purdue University (2013-2018)

Organization of American Historians Distinguished Lecturer (2009-to present) 

Anne Firor Scott Mid-Career Fellowship, Southern Association of Women’s Historians (Fall 2010)

Kentucky Historical Society, Research Fellowship (Summer 2010)

Virginia Foundation for the Humanities Resident Fellow, Charlottesville, VA (Summer 2009) 

William M. E. Rachal Award, for best article in the Virginia Magazine of History and Biography (2008)

Courses Taught

HIUS / WGS 3611 US Gender and Sexuality, 1600-1870

HIUS 3072 Civil War

HIUS 1501 Civil War in Myth and Memory