Neeti Nair

Associate Professor

(434) 924-6417
234 Nau Hall
Office Hours: Tuesdays, 2:00 - 3:30 pm

Field & Specialties

Modern South Asia


B.A. – St. Stephen’s College, Delhi University, 1998
M.A. – Tufts University, 2000
Ph.D. – Tufts University, 2005


I am an associate professor of history at the University of Virginia, where I teach South Asian history with a special emphasis on colonialism, nationalism, decolonization, and the afterlives of the Partition of the Indian subcontinent. I am the author of Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India (Harvard and Permanent Black, 2011, pbk 2016). I am currently working on a comparative legal and political history of hate speech against minorities in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. I am also a Global Fellow at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars in Washington D.C. 



Hurt Sentiments and Blasphemy in South Asia (in progress, under contract with Harvard University Press)

India's Partition: Politics, Culture, Memory (under contract with Cambridge University Press)

Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India, Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, and Ranikhet: Permanent Black, 2011; Paperback 2016

  • A Washington Post WorldViews Recommended Book, 2013

  • Reviewed in The American Historical Review, Journal of Asian Studies, The Indian Economic and Social History Review, Oral History Review, South Asia: Journal of South Asian Studies, Journal of Genocide Research, Indian Historical Review, Canadian Journal of History, H-Net Reviews, Contemporary South Asia, Journal of the Economic and Social History of the Orient, The Hindu, India International Centre Quarterly, The Daily Star (Bangladesh), The Book Review (India), Asian Affairs, Social History, Choice, Countercurrents.orgSouth Asian Review, Refugee Watch Online, among other publications. Extracts are available here


Special Issue of Journal

Guest Editor (with Michael Kugelman), Ghosts from the Past? Assessing Recent Developments in Religious Freedom in South Asia, a special issue of Asian Affairs, 49:2, 2018


Articles and Essays

Introduction’ to Ghosts from the Past? Assessing Recent Developments in Religious Freedom in South Asia, a special issue of Asian Affairs, 49:2, 2018, pp. 199-204


Perspective: 'Rising Religious Intolerance in South Asia,' Current History, April 2018 


'Towards mass education or "an aristocracy of talent": non-alignment and the making of a strong India', in Gyan Prakash, Michael Laffan, and Nikhil Menon eds., The Postcolonial Moment in South and Southeast Asia, London: Bloomsbury, 2018, pp. 183-200


'What did Gandhi Stand For, And How Is His Legacy Faring in Today's India', Huffington Post India, 10 October 2017


'Freedom and Faith in India', Review of Pluralism and Democracy in India: Debating the Hindu Right edited by Wendy Doniger and Martha C. Nussbaum in Current History, April 2015, pp. 157-59 [pdf


'Indo-Pak Relations: A Window of Opportunity that has Almost Closed', Economic and Political Weekly, December 20, 2014, Vol. 49, No. 51


'Beyond the "communal" 1920s: the problem of intention, legislative pragmatism, and the making of section 295A of the Indian Penal Code', The Indian Economic and Social History Review, July 2013, Vol. 50, No. 3, pp. 317-340

Reprinted in The Law Weekly 2016-3-LW, Vol. 199, 1 JS - 20 JS and The Law Weekly (Criminal) 2016-1-LW (Crl) 48 JS - 68 JS


'Delhi University's Undergraduate Programme: Notes from the Archives' Economic and Political Weekly, May 25, 2013, Vol. 48, No. 21


Articles on 'Hindu Mahasabha’, ‘Pt Madan Mohan Malaviya’, ‘Rangila Rasul’, ‘Rashtriya Swayamsevak Sangh’, ‘Sanatan Dharm’, ‘Shuddhi’, ‘Swami Shraddhanand’ in Ayesha Jalal ed., The Oxford Companion to Pakistani History, Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2012


riyaaz, saadhana, taiyyari: life practices’, Seminar Special Issue 'A Country of Our Own', No. 632, 2012, pp. 27-30


‘“Partition” and “minority rights” in Punjabi Hindu Debates, 1920-1947’Economic and Political Weekly, Special Articles, December 24, 2011, Vol. 46, No. 52, pp. 61-69


‘Bhagat Singh as “satyagrahi”: the limits to non-violence in late colonial India’Modern Asian Studies, May 2009, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 649-681


Restraint vs. Denial: The Struggle between India and Pakistan’, Harvard International Review, 6 February 2009 [pdf]


‘“We Left our Keys with our Neighbors”: Memory and the Search for Meaning in post-Partitioned India’, Rosemarie Rogers Working Paper # 29, MIT, November 2004



Book Reviews in the American Historical Review, Current History, Social History, Journal of Islamic Studies, Journal of British Studies, Journal of Asian Studies, Contemporary South Asia, The Tribune, The Print, and Seminar. For details, see

Current Research

My first book Changing Homelands: Hindu Politics and the Partition of India (Harvard and Permanent Black, 2011) traces the politics of Punjabi Hindus in the first half of the twentieth century. A religiously defined minority in undivided Punjab, these Hindus aligned themselves with Punjabi Muslims and Sikhs during various anticolonial national movements even as they simultaneously inched eastward, towards the rest of Hindu-majority India, styling themselves 'communalists' and their politics 'communal'. I study their politics, mark their particular motivations, and account for the suddenness with which Partition and Partition violence struck - both in history and in memory. I also raise and answer the troubling, seemingly eternal question: was Partition inevitable? 

I am now working on a history of laws that were originally instituted to punish those who sought to insult religious beliefs, broadly construed. Titled Hurt Sentiments and Blasphemy in South Asia, the book tracks these laws and their unforeseen consequences in India, Pakistan, and Bangladesh. In the process, I ask what it has meant for India to be a secular republic, for Pakistan to be an Islamic republic, and for Bangladesh to be a secular republic that also enshrines Islam as the state religion. I am also working on a coursebook titled India's Partition: Politics, Culture, Memory that has been commissioned by Cambridge University Press. This is based on courses on Partition that I have regularly taught at the University of Virginia. 

My other interests lie in the fields of India-Pakistan relations, foreign policy, education policy, memory studies, and oral history. 

Awards & Honors

Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, Washington D.C., 2017-18

American Council of Learned Societies, Frederick Burkhardt Residential Fellowship, John W. Kluge Center, Library of Congress, 2016-17

National Endowment for the Humanities Summer Fellowship, 2016

University of Virginia Sesquicentennial Fellowship, spring 2016

American Institute of Indian Studies Senior Short-term Fellowship, 2014-15

University of Virginia Faculty Stipend for Summer Research, 2012, 2011, 2009, 2008, 2007

University of Virginia research support in the Arts, Humanities, and Social Sciences, 2016, 2015, 2010, 2008

University of Virginia Sesquicentennial Fellowship, 2009-2010

Mellon - MIT Inter-University Program on International Migrations, 2002-2003

Columbia University, Taraknath Das Foundation, Southern Asian Institute, 2002

Harvard University Certificate of Distinction in Teaching, Derek Bok Center for Teaching and Learning, 2002

Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy, Summer Language Training Fellowship, 2001

Tufts University Graduate School of Arts and Sciences Student Award for Outstanding Academic Performance, 2001


Courses Taught

Lecture Courses

History of Modern India

Twentieth-century South Asia

India’s Partition: Literature, Culture, Politics


Undergraduate Seminars

Free Speech and Blasphemy in South Asia

Imperial Encounters: Rules and Lives in Colonized India

The Partition of India: Problems and Perspectives

Narratives of post-1947 South Asia: New Archives, New Subjects

Histories of Education and Nation-Making in India

The Subaltern in Literature and History. (Co-taught with Mrinalini Chakravorty, English)


Graduate Seminars

Memory and Archive in South Asian History

Histories of Education and Citizenship in India


Graduate Readings Courses

Colonialism in South Asia

Indian Ocean Studies

Post-colonial developments in South Asia