HIEU

HIEU 1501: Introductory Seminar in Pre-1700 European History

Intended for first- or second-year students. Seminars involve reading, discussing, and writing about different historical topics and periods, and emphasize the enhancement of critical and communication skills. Several seminars are offered each term. Not more than two Introductory Seminars may be counted toward the major in history.

HIEU 1502: Introductory Seminar in Post-1700 European History

Intended for first- or second-year students. Seminars involve reading, discussing, and writing about different historical topics and periods, and emphasize the enhancement of critical and communication skills. Several seminars are offered each term. Not more than two Introductory Seminars may be counted toward the major in history.

HIEU 2001: Western Civilization I

Surveys the fundamental institutions and ideas that have shaped the Western world. Topics include great religious and philosophical traditions, political ideas, literary forms, artistic achievements and institutional structures from the world of the ancient Hebrews to the eve of the modern world (ca. 3000 b.c. to 1600 a.d.).

HIEU 2002: Western Civilization II

Surveys the political and cultural history of the Western world in modern times. Emphasizes the distinctiveness of Western civilization, on the reasons for the rise of the West to global domination, and the relative decline of the West in recent times.

HIEU 2004: Nationalism in Europe

This course examines the history of nationalism in modern Europe, from the 1700s to the present day. We will consider the emergence and consolidation of European nation-states in the eighteenth century; nationalist movements and the breakup of empires in the nineteenth; ethnic cleansing and nationalist violence in twentieth-century Europe; as well as the rise of the European Union and its challenges today.

HIEU 2031: Ancient Greece

Studies the political, military, and social history of Ancient Greece from the Homeric age to the death of Alexander the Great, emphasizing the development and interactions of Sparta and Athens.

HIEU 2041: Roman Republic and Empire

Surveys the political, social, and institutional growth of the Roman Republic, focusing on its downfall and replacement by an imperial form of government, the subsequent history of that government, and the social and economic life during the Roman Empire, up to its own decline and fall.

HIEU 2051: Economic History of Europe

Studies European economic history from the middle ages to the industrial revolution. Emphasizes the emergence of the market and the rise of capitalism in Great Britain.

HIEU 2061: The Birth of Europe

Studies ways of life and thought in the formation of Western Europe from the 4th century a.d. to the 15th. Includes a survey of the development of society and culture in town and countryside, the growth of economic, political, and religious institutions, and the impact of Muslim and Byzantine civilizations.

HIEU 2071: Early Modern Europe and the World

European history, from the Reformation to the French Revolution, in global perspective.

HIEU 2072: Modern Europe and the World

European history since the French Revolution, with an emphasis on social, cultural, and political change in global perspective.

HIEU 2101: Jewish History I: The Ancient and Medieval Experience

This course surveys the pre-modern Jewish historical experience from antiquity through the sixteenth century.

HIEU 2102: Modern Jewish History

Survey of Jewish history from the seventeenth century to the present, primarily in Europe, but with further treatment of Jewish life in the U.S. and Israel. Major topics include Jewish historical consciousness; patterns of emancipation; religious adjustment; the role of women; anti-Semitism; Zionism; the American Jewish experience; the Holocaust; the establishment of Israel; and Jewish life in Europe after the Holocaust.

HIEU 2111: History of England to 1688

Studies England and the British Isles from earliest times to the accession of William III.

HIEU 2112: The Emergence of Modern Britain, 1688-2000

This lecture course surveys the history of Britain from the Glorious Revolution to our own time. The making and remaking of this nation state over three hundred years will be shown in its connections with the history of Europe, and the wider story of the making of the modern world.

HIEU 2132: The Jews of Poland from 1600 to the Present

The Jews of Poland from 1600 to the Present

HIEU 2152: History of the Russian Empire 1700-1917

Studies the history of Russia from Peter the Great to the Bolshevik Revolution and the establishment of Soviet power.

HIEU 2162: History of Russia Since 1917

Explores the collapse of the Russian Empire and the rise of the Communist state. Emphasizes the social revolution, Stalinism and subsequent 'de-Stalinization,' national minorities, and the collapse of the Soviet regime.

HIEU 2212: Contemporary Europe

This class surveys the major developments in Europe from 1945 up to the present day. Topics that we examine include the legacy of World War II, the division of Europe during the cold war, the economic and political progress of the continent, the crises triggered by decolonization and imigration, and the continuing struggles of Europeans to build a united, peaceful and stable union.

HIEU 2721: Supernatural Europe, 1500-1800

Surveys the intellectual, religious, and social history of Europe c.1500-1800 through the lens of changing beliefs about the supernatural. Selected topics include the rise and decline of witch-hunting, changing understandings of the universe, the impact of religious reform on traditional belief, and the "disenchantment" of European society as beliefs in the supernatural declined in the 18th century.

HIEU 3000: Modern Imperialism: 19th and 20th Centuries

A history of Modern Imperialism from the beginning of the nineteenth century to post-Second World War decolonisation: with particular reference to the British Empire.

HIEU 3021: Greek and Roman Warfare

Surveys the history of ancient warfare from the Homeric era until the fall of Rome.

HIEU 3041: The Fall of the Roman Republic

Surveys the history and culture of the last century of the Roman Republic (133-30 b.c.), emphasizing the political and social reasons for the destruction of the Republican form of government and its replacement by a monarchy.

HIEU 3051: History and Civilization of France: Revolution to 1945

The social, political, economic, philosophical, and artistic developments in France from the Revolution to 1945. Taught in French.

HIEU 3091: Ancient Law and Society

Study of the interrationships between law, politics and society in ancient Greece (chiefly Athenian) culture, the Hellenistic kingdoms and Rome (from the XII Tables to the Justinianic Code). Focuses particularly on the development of the idea of law; on the construction of law's authority and legitimacy; on the use of law as one method of social control; and on the development, at Rome, of juristic independence and legal codification. Prerequisite: HIEU 2031 or HIEU 2041, or permission of the instructor.

HIEU 3101: Early Medieval Civilization

Studies early medieval civilization from late antiquity to the 11th century. Emphasizes selected themes in cultural history.

HIEU 3111: Later Medieval Civilization

Discusses intellectual and cultural history, political and social theories, and religious movements from the 11th to the 16th centuries.

HIEU 3121: Medieval Society: Ways of Life and Thought in Western Europe

An introduction to the social and intellectual history from the tenth century to the sixteenth.

HIEU 3131: The World of Charlemagne

Explores the Byzantine, Muslim, and European worlds in the 8th and 9th centuries. Compares political, institutional, and social history, and the Catholic, Orthodox, and Islamic faiths.

HIEU 3141: Anglo-Saxon England

Surveys England and its Celtic neighbors in Wales, Scotland, and Ireland from the departure of the Romans in the early 5th century to the Scandinavian conquest in 1016. Emphasizes the human diversity and cultural and institutional creativity of the Anglo-Saxons.

HIEU 3151: Medieval Iberia, 411-1469

This course offers an introduction to Islam and a cultural history of Al Andalus from 711 until the expulsion of the Moriscos from early modern Spain in 1609.

HIEU 3152: History of the British Empire

This course will focus primarily on the 'second' empire in Asia and Africa, although the first empire in the Americas will be our first topic. Topics covered include the slave plantations in the West Indies, the American Revolution, the rise of the British East India Company and its control of India, and the Scramble for Africa. Special emphasis will be placed on the environmental history of our points of debarkation.

HIEU 3161: The Medieval Church

The history of the western church from the time of Constantine through the sixteenth century, based on a study of selected texts.

HIEU 3171: Eastern Christianity

Surveys the history of Christianity in the Byzantine world and the Middle East from late antiquity (age of emperor Justinian) until the fall of Constantinople. Emphasizes developments in theology, spirituality and art, and the relation of Christianity to Islam. Considers Eastern Christianity in modern times.

HIEU 3181: Medieval Christianity

Detailed study of the development of Christianity in the Middle Ages and of how it reflected upon itself in terms of theology, piety, and politics. Cross-listed as RELC 3181.

HIEU 3211: Medieval and Renaissance Italy

Surveys the development of the Italian city-state between 1050 and 1550, emphasizing the social and political context of Italian culture.

HIEU 3215: Dante's Italy

This course investigates Italy's history and culture at the end of the Middle Ages through the life and writings of Dante Alighieri, Italy's greatest author of the medieval and early modern period. Through lectures and discussions on Dante's most important writings, students will be introduced to the culture of Italian city-states as well as to the most important literary and philosophical ideas of the late Middle Ages.

HIEU 3221: The Culture of the Renaissance

Surveys the growth and diffusion of educational, literary, and artistic innovations in Europe between 1300 and 1600.

HIEU 3231: Reformation Europe

Surveys the development of religious reform movements in continental Europe from c. 1450 to c. 1650 and their impact on politics, social life, science, and conceptions of the self. Cross-listed as RELC 3231.

HIEU 3241: Later Medieval England

A documentary history of English society from the Conquest to the death of Richard II.

HIEU 3251: Imperial Spain and Portugal, 1469-1808

General survey of the Iberian peninsula from Ferdinand and Isabella to Napoleon, including the development of absolutism, the enforcement of religious orthodoxy, the conquest of the New World and the Iberian imperial systems, the price revolution, the 'decline' of Spain and the Bourbon reforms, and the arts and literature of the Golden Age.

HIEU 3261: History of Russia to 1700

Topics include the history of the formation of the Kievan State, the Appanage period, Mongol domination and the emergence of the Muscovite state; foundations of the first Russian state, evolution of its institutions, cultural influences from the origin to the decline; and the rise of successor states and particularly the multi-national state of Moscow.

HIEU 3271: Three Faiths, One Sea: The Early Modern Mediterranean

The course will provide students with an overview of the Mediterranean world from the conquest of Constantinople (1453) to the displacement of the sea in a globalizing economy. The main purpose of this course is to demonstrate the cultural, political, and religious diversity of the Mediterranean region. Special emphasis is placed on Christian, Jews, and Muslim interaction.

HIEU 3291: Stuart England

Studies the history of England (and its foreign relations) from 1603 to 1714, with commentary on some major themes of early Hanoverian England to the end of Sir Robert Walpole's ministry. Includes newer interpretations on Stuart monarchy, the background and consequences of the Civil War, restoration ideology and politics in relation to the Cromwellian Interregnum, the Revolution of 1688, social and local history, and the creation of the first British Empire.

HIEU 3311: Social History of Early Modern Europe

Surveys social, economic, and demographic structure and change in pre-industrial Europe, focusing on social unrest and rebellions.

HIEU 3321: The Scientific Revolution, 1450-1700

Studies the history of modern science in its formative period against the backdrop of classical Greek science and in the context of evolving scientific institutions and changing views of religion, politics, magic, alchemy, and ancient authorities.

HIEU 3322: Science in the Modern Age: 1789-1950

This course covers major developments in modern science from the 18th through the 20th centuries in the fields of chemistry, biology, geology, and physics. Three scientists, Antone Lavosier, Charles Darwin, and Albert Einstein, will be discussed.

HIEU 3331: Intellectual History of Early Modern Europe

Analyzes the main currents of European thought in the 17th and 18th centuries. Emphasizes major social movements and cultural changes.

HIEU 3341: Society and the Sexes in Europe from Late Antiquity to the Reformation

Explores the changing constructions of gender roles and their concrete consequences for women and men in society; uses primary texts and secondary studies from late antiquity through the Reformation.

HIEU 3342: Society and the Sexes in Europe from the Seventeenth Century to the Present

Explores the changing constructions of gender roles and their concrete consequences for women and men in society; uses primary texts and secondary studies from the 17th century to the present.

HIEU 3352: Modern German History

Introduces the political, social and cultural history of modern Germany from the French Revolution to the present. Cross-listed in the German department. Taught in English.

HIEU 3372: German Jewish Culture and History

This course provides a wide-ranging exploration of the culture and history of German Jewry from 1750 to 1939. It focuses on the Jewish response to modernity in Central Europe and the lasting transformations in Jewish life in Europe and later North America. Readings of such figures as: Moses Mendelssohn, Heinrich Heine, Rahel Varnhagen, Franz Kafka, Gershom Scholem, Martin Buber, Karl Marx, Rosa Luxembourg, Walter Benjamin, and Sigmund Freud.

HIEU 3380: The History of Antisemitism

This course will examine the history of antisemitism, prejudice against Jews. Hatred of Jews originates from a diverse combination of ideologies, historical moments and, likewise, takes a variety of forms in different times and places. This course will introduce the concept from its earliest times and follow both the theoretical/philosophical thought and the displays of antisemitism through history with a focus on Europe.

HIEU 3382: Revolutionary France, 1770-1815

This course will examine the social, cultural, intellectual and political history of France from the end of the Old Regime through the Napoleonic Empire. The origins, development, and outcome of the French Revolution will be the main focus. Attention will also be paid to the international legacy of various French revolutionary concepts and to the history of the interpretation of this critical period of upheaval.

HIEU 3390: Nazi Germany

Detailed survey of the historical origins, political structures, cultural dynamics, and every-day practices of the Nazi Third Reich. Cross-listed in the German department. Taught in English.

HIEU 3392: Women, Men, and Politics in the Age of Democratic Revolutions, 1760-1848

Surveys the origins, development, and consequences of key revolutionary struggles of the late 18th and early 19th centuries, emphasizing changes in gender relations. Prerequisite: A course in history or gender studies.

HIEU 3402: Nineteenth-Century Europe

Surveys the major social, economic, and political trends between the defeat of the Napoleonic Empire and the First World War. Stresses the developments in Western Europe as industrialization, democracy, nationalism, and representative institutions took root.

HIEU 3412: Twentieth-Century Europe

Studies the main developments in European history from the turn of the century to the eve of the Second World War.

HIEU 3422: Twentieth-Century Europe

Studies the main developments in European history from the outbreak of the Second World War to the present.

HIEU 3432: France Since 1815

Studies French politics and society from the defeat of Napoleon to De Gaulle's republic.

HIEU 3442: European History: Industrial Revolution to the Welfare State 1848-1963

Surveys Continent's troubled history from the Victorian Age to the welfare state. Addresses features of modernization and industrialization, nationalism and imperialism, causes and consequences of both world wars, Communist and Fascist challenges, Weimar and Nazi Germany, the Great Depression and crisis of capitalism, the Holocaust and decline of old Europe, and Social Democratic transformation.

HIEU 3452: Jewish Culture and History in Eastern Europe

This course is a comprehensive examination of the culture and history of East European Jewry from 1750 to 1935. Course cross-listed with YITR 3452.

HIEU 3462: Neighbors and Enemies in Germany

Explores the friend/foe nexus in Germany history, literature and culture, with an emphasis on the 19th and 20th centuries.

HIEU 3471: English Legal History to 1776

The development of legal institutions, legal ideas, and legal principles from the medieval period to the 18th century. Emphasizes the impact of transformations in politics, society, and thought on the major categories of English law: property, torts and contracts, corporations, family law, constitutional and administrative law, and crime.

HIEU 3472: Nineteenth Century Britain

A history of Britain and the British Empire from the Union with Ireland in 1801 to the death of Queen Victoria in 1901.

HIEU 3482: Twentieth Century Britain

A history of Britain and the British Empire from the death of Queen Victoria in 1901 to the re-election of Tony Blair in 1001.

HIEU 3492: The British Empire

Surveys the rise, rule, and demise of the British Empire from the Seven Years War (1756-63) to decolonization after World War II. Topics include the expansion and consolidation of empire, opposition, and resistance, and the cultural consequences of imperialism.

HIEU 3502: History of Central Europe

This lecture course will explore the 19th- and 20th-century history of Central Europe as both region and idea, tracing two stories in parallel: 1) the entangled history of Austrians, Czechs, Germans, Hungarians, Jews, Lithuanians, Poles, Slovaks, and Ukrainians; and 2) attempts by writers and scholars belonging to these groups (from Sigmund Freud to Milan Kundera) to 'imagine' their own versions of a Europe caught between 'East' and 'West.'

HIEU 3505: History and Fiction, Topics

Explores the relationship between facts and fiction in the representation of the past. Course materials range from archival sources and scholarly articles to novels, films, paintings, sculptures, poems and other creative articulations of the historical imagination. The role of the new media and media analysis in the representation of history will also be examined. Topics vary annually.

HIEU 3602: Twentieth Century Spain

Twentieth Century Spain

HIEU 3604: The Holocaust on Film

This course examines the presentation of the Holocaust on film from the immediate postwar period to present. It does so alongside the actual history of the Holocaust. Course involves viewing multiple films inside and outside of class. Course assignments include multiple writings and analyses on various topics of filmmaking and the Holocaust.

HIEU 3612: Age of Reform and Revolution in Russia, 1855-1917

Studies the changes resulting from the wake of reforms following the Crimean War. Explores the social and political effects of efforts to modernize and industrialize Russia, which led to the growth of political and revolutionary opposition and the overthrow of the monarchy.

HIEU 3622: Russian Intellectual History in the 19th Century

Studies the background of Westernization, rise of intelligentsia, development of radical and conservative trends, and the impact of intellectual ferment on Russian culture and politics to 1917.

HIEU 3652: Russian and Soviet Diplomatic History, 1850-Present

Studies the foreign policy legacy of the Russian Empire to the present. Emphasizes World War I, foreign intervention in Russia, the Comintern, the Second World War and after, the Cold War, the expansion and decline of world communism, the collapse of the Soviet empire, and current Russian prospects.

HIEU 3670: The Fall of Communism: How the Soviet Empire Lost the Cold War

This course will examine the roots, causes, and aftermath of communism's collapse in Eastern Europe and the Soviet Union. We will consider economic stagnation and abortive attempts at reform; political crises and the rise of dissident movements; cultural exchange and the influence of mass media; and the role of social and nationalist activism.

HIEU 3672: Revolutionary Russia

Detailed study of the social, cultural, and political history of the revolutionary movement: the 1905 Revolution, the February Revolution, and the Bolshevik Revolution from Lenin to Stalin.

HIEU 3692: The Holocaust

This course aims to clarify basic facts and explore competing explanations for the origins and unfolding of the Holocaust (the encounter between the Third Reich and Europe's Jews between 1933 and 1945) that resulted in the deaths of almost six million Jews.

HIEU 3695: The Holocaust and the Law

This course explores the pursuit of justice after the Holocaust. We will study legal responses to the Nazi genocide of Europe's Jews from 1945 to the 1960s through the lens of pivotal post-Holocaust trials, including the 1945-1946 Nuremberg Trial; the 1961 Eichmann Trial, and the 1963-1965 Frankfurt Auschwitz Trial. We will ask how the pursuit of legal justice after the Holocaust affects our understanding of the legal process.

HIEU 3702: Russia as Multi-Ethnic Empire

Traces and analyzes the ethno-religious complexion of the vast region governed by Russia and the USSR from the 16th century to the present. Special attention is given to the experiences of minorities such as Jews, the various Turkic-Muslim peoples, Ukrainians, Poles, and peoples of Transcaucasia, as well as the relations of these groups with the Russian state and ethnic Russian population.

HIEU 3712: Spanish Culture & Civilization

Spanish Culture & Civilization

HIEU 3721: Witchcraft

Surveys Western attitudes toward magic and witchcraft from ancient times to the present, with emphasis on the European age of witch hunting, 1450-1750. Cross-listed as RELG 3721. Prerequisite: First-year students not admitted except by instructor permission.

HIEU 3732: European Social History, 1770-1890

Studies the evolution of private life from the era of early capitalism to the end of the nineteenth century. Focuses on family life, work experience, material conditions, women's roles, childhood, and youth.

HIEU 3742: European Social History, 1890-1980

Studies the evolution of private life from the end of the nineteenth century to the present day. Focuses on family life, work experience, material conditions, women's roles, childhood, and youth.

HIEU 3752: Evolution of the International System, 1815-1950

Analyzes the evolution of great-power politics from the post-Napoleonic Congress of Vienna and the systems of Metternich and Bismarck to the great convulsions of the twentieth century and the Russo-American Cold War after World War II.

HIEU 3772: Science in the Modern World

Studies the development of scientific thought and institutions since 1700, emphasizing the increasing involvement of science in economic, social, political, and military affairs and its relations with philosophical and religious thought.

HIEU 3782: Origins of Modern Thought, 1580-1943

Introduces central themes, theorists, and texts in secular European thought since 1580. Surveys the 'age of reason,' the Enlightenment, romanticism, historicism, positivism, existentialism, and related matters. Works by a variety of thinkers are read, explicated, and discussed.

HIEU 3792: Intellectual History of Modern Europe

Studies the main currents of European thought in the 19th and 20th centuries. Emphasizes major social movements and cultural changes.

HIEU 3802: Origins of Contemporary Thought

Studies selected themes in intellectual history since the mid-19th century, focusing on Darwin, Nietzsche, Freud, Heidegger, and other thinkers, emphasizing the intellectual contexts out of which they came and to which they contributed.

HIEU 3812: Marx

Introduces the social theory of Karl Marx. What Marx said, why he said it, what he meant in saying it, and the significance thereof. Situates Marx's writing in the context of 19th-century intellectual history. Focuses on the coherence and validity of the theory and its subsequent history.

HIEU 3851: History of London

History of London

HIEU 4501: Seminar in Pre-1700 European History

The major seminar is a small class (not more than 15 students) intended primarily but not exclusively for history majors who have completed two or more courses relevant to the topic of the seminar. The work of the seminar results primarily in the preparation of a substantial (ca. 25 pp. in standard format) research paper. Some restrictions and prerequisites apply to enrollment. See a history advisor or the director of undergraduate studies.

HIEU 4502: Seminar in Post-1700 European History

The major seminar is a small class (not more than 15 students) intended primarily but not exclusively for history majors who have completed two or more courses relevant to the topic of the seminar. The work of the seminar results primarily in the preparation of a substantial (ca. 25 pp. in standard format) research paper. Some restrictions and prerequisites apply to enrollment. See a history advisor or the director of undergraduate studies.

HIEU 4511: Colloquium in Pre-1700 European History

The major colloquium is a small class (not more than 15 students) intended primarily but not exclusively for history majors who have completed two or more courses relevant to the topic of the colloquium. Colloquia are most frequently offered in areas of history where access to source materials or linguistic demands make seminars especially difficult. Students in colloquia prepare about 25 pages of written work. Some restrictions and prerequisites apply to enrollment. See a history advisor or the director of undergraduate studies.

HIEU 4512: Colloquium in Post-1700 European History

A small class (not more than 15 students) intended primarily for history majors who have completed two or more courses relevant to the topic. Frequently offered in areas of history where access to source materials or linguistic demands make seminars especially difficult. Students will prepare about 25 pages of written work distributed among various assignments. Some restrictions and prerequisites apply to enrollment. See History DUS.

HIEU 4591: Topics in Pre-1700 European History

Topics courses are small, discussion-oriented classes available to any student with sufficient background and interest in a particular field of historical study. Offered irregularly, they are open to majors or non-majors on an equal basis.

HIEU 4592: Topics in Post-1700 European History

TTopics courses are small, discussion-oriented classes available to any student with sufficient background and interest in a particular field of historical study. Offered irregularly, they are open to majors or non-majors on an equal basis.

HIEU 4993: Independent Study in European History

In exceptional circumstances and with the permission of a faculty member any student may undertake a rigorous program of independent study designed to explore a subject not currently being taught or to expand upon regular offerings. Independent Study projects may not be used to replace regularly scheduled classes. Open to majors or non-majors.

HIEU 5001: Dark Age Greece

Examines the structural, political, and conceptual rise of the Greek polis and explores other aspects of the archaeology, art, history, and literature of the 'iron age' and early archaic period (1000-600 BC) in Greece. Prerequisite: HIEU 2031 or equivalent

HIEU 5011: Late Archaic Greece

Examines the history of Greece in the late archaic age down to the end of the Persian wars. Prerequisite: HIEU 2031 or equivalent.

HIEU 5013: The Early Medieval Mediterranean

This course examines the Mediterranean world from AD 700 -1000, exploring aspects of its political, economic and cultural history. Trade and communication, the movement of goods, ideas and people will all come under scrutiny. Students will engage with historical and archaeological scholarship together with extensive primary sources (in translation) from the period. Prerequisite: HIEU 2061 or equivalent and/or HIEU 3141, HIEU 3131 or equivalent.

HIEU 5021: Greece in the Fifth Century

Examination of the political, diplomatic, and social history of Greece from the end of the Persian Wars in 479 b.c. to the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404/3 b.c. Investigates the origins, course, and importance of the latter war, the major watershed in classical Greek history. Prerequisite: HIEU 2031 or equivalent.

HIEU 5031: Greece in the Fourth Century

Advanced course in Greek history that examines in detail the social and economic history of Greece from the end of the Peloponnesian War in 404 b.c. to the defeat of the Greek city-states at Chaeronea in 338. Prerequisite: HIEU 2041 or equivalent.

HIEU 5051: Roman Empire

Studies the founding and institutions of the Principate, the Dominate, and the decline of antiquity. Prerequisite: HIEU 2041 or equivalent.

HIEU 5061: Roman Imperialism

Examines Roman transmarine expansion to determine how and why it happened, and what consequences it had, both in Rome and abroad. Prerequisite: HIEU 2041 or equivalent.

HIEU 5062: Philosophy and Theory of History

Course surveys tradition of 'philosophy of history' (ca. 1860--1960s) but focuses on the more recent genre of 'theory of history' (late 1960s/70s--present), which responds to recent historical genres and to new problems related to narrative, memory, trauma, counterfactuality, etc. Emphasis is on linking theory to specific historical and meta-historical instances (e.g., Arendt's Eichmann in Jerusalem, Friedlander's Nazi Germany and the Jews, 'trut

HIEU 5063: Late Antiquity AD 235-410

This new class, a discussion seminar, examines the great Roman crisis of the 3rd century and the Roman's response to it, as well as the nature of reestablished Roman rule through the fourth century AD. This is the great of the emperors Diocletian & Constantine, of Julian & Theodosius. Topics to be examined include governance, warfare, the late-antique economy, religious strife, the life of cities, similarities & differences between East & West.

HIEU 5082: Modernity and History

Surveys a range of philosophers and other writers who have reflected on the role of history in modern life. Prerequisite: Upper class standing or above, with one or more courses in relevant theory

HIEU 5302: Nationality, Ethnicity, and Race in Modern Europe

Colloquium on how categories of human identity have been conceived, applied, and experienced in Western and Eastern Europe from 1789 to the present. Topics include the construction of identities, national assimilation, inter-confessional conflict, colonialism, immigration, and the human sciences. Prerequisite: One course in modern European history or instructor permission.

HIEU 5312: Era of the World Wars, 1914-1945

A study of the major countries of Europe in the era 1914-1945, with special attention to international relations, and political, economic, and social developments. Most suitable for third- and fourth- year students with some background in European history and for graduate students.

HIEU 5352: The British Economy Since 1850

Studies the structure, performance and policy in the British economy since 1850, focusing on the causes and consequences of Britain's relative economic decline. Cross listed as ECON 5352.

HIEU 5662: Nineteenth-Century Russian Intellectual History

Readings and discussion of seminal Russian intellectuals and their ideas under the later Romanov Tsars. Prerequisite: Instructor permission.

HIEU 5871: Early Modern Europe Seminar

This course is a specialized seminar in early modern European historiography. As a result, it focuses on a broad reading list that covers as many subjects, regions, and methodologies as possible. The course is divided by theme, rather than region, and covers such topics as social control, Scientific Revolution, women and gender, and global Christianity.

HIEU 5882: Modern Europe, 1750-1890

This course aims to expose graduate and advanced undergraduates students to the grand narrative of modern European history and, simultaneously, to provide them with insight into the latest historiographical trends and emerging conceptual conventions in this research field.

HIEU 5892: Europe since 1890

A discussion course on key topics in the transnational history of Modern Europe since 1890. A capstone for majors in the field, it is also open to others. Topics include old and new ways of doing history, Imperialism, World War I, postwar capitalism and its critics, Communism and Fascism, the Great Depression, the Holocaust, the Cold War, the path toward European Union, the Welfare State, German Reunification, and the end of the Cold War.

HIEU 7001: Colloquium in Medieval European History

The first semester of a two-semester sequence of graduate colloquia introducing students to the major themes in European history and historiography in the period before the eighteenth century and structured around central themes in medieval history.

HIEU 7002: Colloquium in Early Modern European History

The second semester of a two-semester sequence of graduate colloquia introducing students to the major themes in European history and historiography in the period before the eighteenth century and structured around central themes in early modern European history.

HIEU 7003: Colloquium in Modern European History I

The first semester of a two-semester sequence of graduate colloquia introducing students to the major themes in European history and historiography in the period from the eighteenth century to the present and structured around central themes in European history between c. 1750 and c. 1870.

HIEU 7013: Anthropology of Ancient Greece

A survey of anthropological methods useful for the study of the past: simultaneously an economic introduction to the Great Books of anthropology, to a prominent aspect of contemporary classical scholarship, and to the opportunities and problems presented by using the methods of one field to illuminate another.

HIEU 7014: Ancient History

Introduces non-literary materials of use to the historian in correcting and/or amplifying the literary record, including inscriptions, papyri, coins, etc.

HIEU 7031: Proseminar in Ancient Studies

The aim of this course is to acquaint students with various facets of the study of Greek and Roman antiquity; to show students a range of approaches to ancient materials; and to introduce students of antiquity to each other and to the affiliated faculty in different departments (Classics, History, Art, Religious Studies).

HIEU 7071: Fragmentary Roman Historians

This class reads the many fragments of Roman Republican historians and learns how to analyze them from three perspectives: linguistic (including textual problems); literary; and historical. Why did early Romans, many of them active statesmen and generals, write history? What themes are perceptible in their surviving fragments? What was the historical context of the author, and what was the historical contribution of his work?

HIEU 7211: The Renaissance

Studies European politics and society from the commercial revolution to Cateau Cambresis.

HIEU 7261: Early Modern England

Readings and discussion on special topics in the period 1485 to 1760.

HIEU 7301: History of Science

Introduces the historiography of science, and especially to new approaches which integrate the history of the natural and social sciences into intellectual, social, political, and economic history.

HIEU 7471: European Economic History

Intensive reading and discussion of topics in European economic history.

HIEU 7782: History of Human Rights

A survey of the new field of human rights historiography, focusing on the growth of the academic discipline, current debates, and future directions for research.

HIEU 8011: Ancient History

Topics to be chosen by the instructor.

HIEU 8452: Twentieth Century Europe

In this graduate seminar on Europe in the twentieth century students are asked to produce in the course of the semester an original work (25-30 pages long) based on primary sources. They will develop an argument, place it within the historiography and relevant methodologies, fine the relevant sources, and craft a narrative. The course covers all countries in Europe. The focus of the course is directed to exploration in cultural history.

HIEU 8461: Twentieth-Century Europe and Russia

For students working in any geographical area of 20th-century Europe. Topics selected by students in consultation with instructor. Helps students begin research for M.A. theses and doctoral dissertations.

HIEU 8642: Soviet Domestic and Foreign Policy

Offered as required.

HIEU 9020: Empire, Mobility, and Cultural Exchange in Tsarist and Early Soviet Russia

The tutorial explores recent scholarly monographs and articles on inter-cultural exchange in and around the Russian empire, and the various forms of population mobility that facilitated it: immigration, emigration, exile within borders, urbanization, imperial conquest, commerce, military service, displacement by war, pilgrimage.

HIEU 9021: Philosophy and Theory of History

In the last 25 years the philosophy and theory of history has been revitalized, with three vibrant international journals now publishing and thought-provoking books and articles appearing every year. This tutorial will quickly cover the classic literature and issues in the field and, more intensively, the recent literature. Emphasis will be on those segments of the literature most relevant to envisaged dissertation themes.

HIEU 9022: History of Ideas-Intellectual History: Modern Europe

This tutorial focuses on European-sourced conceptions and theories, with an emphasis on modernity in the broades senses. Characteristically, students will negotiate with the instructor a set of themes and texts to consider, e.g., notions of knowledge, interpretation, labor, identity, civil society, revolution.. These should be related to the student's projected dissertation area.

HIEU 9023: Tutorial in the History of the Modern British Empire

This graduate-level tutorial introduces the major themes, debates, and methods of historical writing on the British Empire from around 1750. It is intended particularly, though not exclusively, as field preparation for the general examination. Topics include the uses of expert knowledge, the peculiarities of settler colonialism, the lure of liberalism as imperial ideology, and the role of violence.

HIEU 9024: Tutorial in the History of Modern Britain

This tutorial introduces the major themes, debates, and methods of historical writing on modern Britain. It is intended particularly, though not exclusively, as field preparation for the general examination. Topics include the domestic ramifications of war and empire, the expanding reach of the state and the market, the adaptability of tradition, the contradictions of liberalism, and the meanings of modernity.

HIEU 9025: Tutorial in the Late Roman Republic

This tutorial will cover the most tumultuous period in Roman Republican history, that which stretches from 133 BC to the establishment of Octavian (Augustus) as the first emperor in 27 BC.

HIEU 9026: Tutorial in Early Modern British History

Considers developments in the British Isles and its nascent empire in the 16th and 17th centuries. Focuses on historiography of the Reformation and persistent religious conflicts, the causes and nature of the Civil Wars, and the origins of empire.

HIEU 9027: Tutorial in English Legal History

Considers key ideas and practices in English law from the late medieval period. Attention given to institutions, their development, and their interaction. Legal change will be studied in its social, political, and economic contexts. Also explores transformations in English law as it moved across a burgeoning empire.

HIEU 9028: Tutorial in British Legal and Political Thought

Considers major texts in legal and political thought of the 17th and 18th centuries. Focuses on canonical works by thinkers such as Hobbes, Harrington, Sidney, Locke, Smith, and Blackstone. Texts will be appoached from within their historical contexts.

HIEU 9029: Tutorial in the History of Reformation Europe

Surveys the history and historiography of European Christianity c. 1450-1650.

HIEU 9030: Tutorial in the History of Early Modern Europe

Explores the history and historiography of Europe, c. 1450-1750. It provides a broad introduction to early modern society and culture, with particular emphasis on the transformations that reshaped Europe in this period, such as the emergence of the early modern state, the division of Christendom, and global exploration.

HIEU 9031: Tutorial in Anglo-Saxon History

This course is intended to introduce graduate students to the study of Anglo-Saxon England from the fifth to the eleventh centuries, its historiography and the range of methodologies and disciplinary approaches applied to its analysis. The class is intended to be timely and comprehensive. Archaeology, material culture and the close analysis of key primary sources and attendant scholarship will all be addressed.

HIEU 9032: Tutorial in Modern Jewish History

This tutorial explores the major historiographical literature of modern jewish history, with an emphasis on core themes of political, cultural, and religious patterns, issues of periodization, and the question of its relationship to other fields of modern history.

HIEU 9033: Tutorial in European Economic History

A graduate tutorial devoted to close analysis of key issues in European Economic History.

HIEU 9034: Tutorial in Decolonization in the Twentieth Century

This graduate tutorial surveys the historiography of decolonization in the twentieth century with an emphasis on European empires. The course is especially designed for students preparing a field for comprehensive exams but is open to others.